Consultant Psychologist Psychotherapist
Yoga Therapist & Expert in Wellness Mgt.
+91 93398 56095 / 96748 21025 ramanathsmailbox@rediffmail.com
Website Website Address: www.corporatewellness.co.in
Yoga Therapy
Yoga therapy is the application of yogic methods to re-establish harmony and balance in the body-mind. When yoga is combined with certain healing and therapeutic modalities, it increases the effectiveness and efficiency of those methods. Yoga can also increase health, general wellbeing and longevity. Techniques such as Yoga Nidra, Prana Vidya, Chakra Suddhi etc are essential ingredients in almost all disease management plans to encourage deep rest, healing and recuperation. Dr. Ramanath Roychowdhury is a renowned psychotherapist, yoga Acharya (authority), yoga therapist and yoga scientist. He is a highly experienced teacher of yoga, Yoga-tantra and the other systems of self-development that leads to greater self-awareness and self mastery.
Dr. Roychowdhury has 35 years of experiences in psychotherapy and yoga therapy setting. He has helped thousands of people to understand and experience the mind-body connection and to regain health, mental peace and spiritual awareness.


"Relax the body, slow the breath and calm the mind"
  • Oncology: Breast Cancer Stage 1, 2, 3, Colon, Prostate.
  • Neurology:Epilepsy, Migraine, Parkinson's, Muscular Dystrophy, Multiple Sclerosis, Mental Retardation.
  • Pulmonology: Bronchial Asthma, Nasal Allergy, Chronic Bronchitis
  • Cardiology: High B.P, Low B.P, Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD)
  • Psychiatry: Anxiety, Depression, Psychosis, OCD
  • Rheumatology: Arthritis
  • Spinal Disorders: Acute and Chronic Back Pain, Neck Pain.
  • Metabolic disorder: Diabetes
  • Gastroenterology: Gastritis, Peptic Ulcer, Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS), Colitis
  • Endocrinology: Obesity, Thyrotoxicosis
  • Promotion of Positive Health
  • Sexual Problems
Medical Application of Yoga:

Yoga therapy Research Scientific Research in Medical Applications of Yoga

To date large number of publications are available studying various aspects of yoga in health and disease. Let us look at these under two major categories namely (a) application of yoga in disease including rehabilitation and (b) in promotion of positive health at physical, mental, social and spiritual levels.

Yoga in Stress Related Diseases

The increasing awareness that many of the common psychiatric and psychosomatic problems have stress as the basic underlying factor, has led to many studies trying to apply techniques of stress management in these ailments with encouraging results. 'Yoga', which is an experiential science provides a systematic methodology with its firm roots in a holistic philosophy which is in total harmony with nature. This science is the offshoot of thousands of years of internal research by Indian sages.

Yoga in Respiratory Allergies

There are several publications to demonstrate the role of emotions in asthma and also to validate the efficacy of different yoga practices in bronchial asthma. Some are well designed controlled studies whereas many of the earlier studies were observations on uncontrolled groups.

Negative emotions and psychosocial pathology are found to be related to severe asthma (Friedman, 1984; Carswell, 1985; Carson and Schauer, 1992). Miller et al (1994) demonstrated that sadness was associated with greater heart rate variability and instability of oxygen saturation compared with happiness. There was mixed results for mixed happiness and sadness. Self-rated hostility and depression (Schmaling et al. 1997) and higher degree of frustrating situations in their life (Berezin et al. 1997) were found to be associated with decreased pulmonary function, blood immunoglobulin levels and clinical state of the disease. Alexander (1972) demonstrated the effect of systematic relaxation on flow rate in Yoga therapy Research asthmatic children in whom emotional factors were prominent. Wilson etal (1975) evaluated 21 asthmatics after the practice of TM for 6 months with crossover at 3 months, indicating that transcendental meditation is an useful adjunct in treating asthma. Goyeche (1982) published his work on the integrated yoga approach to asthma with beneficial results. Singh et al (1990) studied 18 subjects with mild bronchial asthma after 2 weeks of practice of yogic pranayama by the use of a breathing device called pink city lung exerciser (PCL). Slow mouth breathing through this devicesimulates yogic pranayama with a ratio of 1:2 between inhalation and exhalation. This was compared with breathing through a placebo device. In this randomised, double blind, crossover placebo controlled study they observed greater degree of improvement in PCL group than the control group on FEV1, PEFR, symptom score and inhaler usage. Fluge et al (1994) in a controlled study on 36 asthmatics followed up for 4 months concluded that breathing exercises had an additive effect when used in combination with Albuterol inhalation therapy. Vedanthan et al (1998) studied the effect of yoga practices on 17 students in the age group of 19-52 years in an university set up. Daily symptom score, medication score, AM and PM PEFR, weekly questionnaires and lung functions were measured. The subjects in yoga group reported significant degree of relaxation, positive attitude and tendency for lesser usage of inhalers.

Yoga in Anxiety Neurosis

Various yoga practices such as asanas, meditation, pranayama, savasana are now recognised as relaxation techniques comparable to many behavioral modification techniques like biofeedback and progressive muscular relaxation based on the famous work of Wallace (1970) who showed that the practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) brings about signs of overall psychophysiological relaxation. Anxiety neurosis recognized as an exaggerated form of stress response with sympathetic hyperreactivity, could therefore benefit through any one of these relaxation therapies. (Udupa, 1972; Rapp et al. 1984), Norton & Johnson (1983), DeLuca & Holborn (1984), Tarrier & Main (1986) have demonstrated the comparative efficacy of different types of muscle relaxation therapies (taped instructions or applied relaxations) in different types of anxiety of both cognitive and somatic type such as snake phobia, nail biting, hair pulling, panic attacks as well as general anxiety.

Tyrer et al (1988) in their randomised control study on 210 subjects demonstrated that self help group fared better than the diazepam group and consumed less psychotropic drugs. Further Rabat et al (1992) showed the effect of mindful meditation to reduce stress, anxiety, depression, panic and also the panic of agrophobia. Gagne (1990) compared the effect of therapeutic touch & relaxation and concluded that they could be palliative adjuncts in anxiety. Khalsa et al (1996) tried the efficacy of a specific yoga breathing pattern in 8 subjects with obsessive compulsive disorder with significant improvement on OCD, as measured by anxiety and global severity indices. Crisan (1988) observed reduction in scores on Max Hamilton's a anxiety scale, general health questionnaire, heart rate, urinary level of VMA and a rise in galvanic skin resistance in 19 patients with generalised anxiety neurosis after 8 weeks of pranayama practice.

Yoga in Diabetes

Yoga therapy Research In both IDDM and NIDDM physiologically demanding stressful situations like infection, pregnancy etc. are known to increase the demand for insulin. Similarly emotional stresses also contribute to the irregular control of diabetes. Relaxation therapies using biofeedback or taped instructions have been reported to be useful in better control of diabetes (Me grady et al. 1991). Jobson et al (1991) in a well planned controlled study showed that although there was demonstrable physiological rest (reduced muscle activity and skin resistance) the progressive relaxation training and biofeedback given once a week did not help in improving diabetic control in 20 patients with type II diabetes.

Monro et al (1992) carried out a controlled trial on 21 subjects with NIDDM. Fasting blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin reduced significantly [p < 0.05] in the group of 11 who practised the integrated programme of yoga as compared to a matched control group of 10 who did not practice yoga. Several other studies (Sahay et al 1986, Jain et al 1993) have shown the beneficial effects of yoga in NIDDM through reduction in hyperglycemia and the need for oral hypoglycemic agents. Rice et al (1992) observed increased peripheral blood circulation in lower extremities as measured through toe temperature and blood volume pulse in 40 diabetes in the age range of 17 to 73 years after biofeedback assisted relaxation training.

Yoga in Hypertension

As early as nineteen thirties Swami Kuvalayananda of Kaivalyadhama started studying the effects of yogic practices on blood pressure, heart rate etc, in yogis. Datey and his coworkers (1969) showed the beneficial effect of savasana in mild hypertensives who were not taking medication. Patel (1973,75) has shown the beneficial effects of savasana in hypertension in her year long follow-up control study. In an open study comprising 23 hypertensive patients Sachdeva et al (1994) observed reduction in systolic blood pressure from 134.5 ± 16.01 to 125.1 ± 9.60mm of Hg and diastolic blood pressure from 88.5 ± 9.42 to 81.62 ± 6.48mm of Hg respectively after 2 months of yogic life style change.

Talukdar (1994) noted statistically significant changes in cell membrane enzymes after yoga practices in hypertensives. 10 to 12 weeks of practising certain yogasanas increased serum HDL levels and caused a trend of reduction in serum cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and VLDL (Bhaskaracharyulu et al, 1996). Though its beneficial role in mild hypertension has been demonstrated, more in-depth study is required to document the effect of different forms of yoga on patients with moderate and severe hypertension and also the mechanisms have to be worked out through studying autonomic status, renin-angiotensin mechanism and platelet aggregation etc.

Yoga in Coronary Heart Disease

Yoga therapy Research Coronary heart disease being one of the major killers of mankind even today, the role of life style modification to take care of all the risk factors to prevent CHD cannot be overlooked. Greenwood et al (1996) reviewed the literature and showed that both social support and life stresses influence the incidence and mortality of coronary heart disease, the latter more so than the former. The emotion support had the largest effect. Orth Gomer et al (1997) analysed the heart rate variability from a bolter record during transient myocardial ischeamia and observed suppression of the efferent vagal activity and suggested that this vagal blockage may be a forerunner to onset of ischaemia. Winneberg (1997) found positive correlation between collagen induced platelet aggregation and outwardly expressed anger as measured by anger expression scale. The work of Ornish et al has become a major land mark on this path of preventive cardiology.

Gould, Ornish and coworkers (1995) studied the changes in myocardial perfusion by positron emission tomography (PET) after 5 years of intense risk factor modification. The experimental group of 20 followed a programme of very low fat vegetarian diet, mild to moderate exercise, stress management and group support. The abnormalities on rest-dipyridamol PET abnormalities of ventricular perfusion showed significant change in the experimental group (-5.1 ± 4.8% normalised counts) while the control group who continued under family physicians care with antianginal therapy had worsening of size, severity of PET abnormalities (10.3 * 5.6%). Although there was a significant degree of improvement observed in the percent diameter stenosis on coronary angiography in the experimental group as compared to control group, greater degree of changes were observed in ventricular perfusion and the measurement of area of LV with less than 60% activity in PET.

Yoga in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Stress could be a major triggering or aggravating factor for the autoimmune inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis has been understood. Haslock (1994) reported the beneficial effect on grip strength and Stanford health assessment questionnaire disability index in 10 severe rheumatoid arthritis subjects, as compared to 10 matched controls who participated in a programme of IAYT. Role of yoga in mechanical back pain, carpel tunnel syndrome, cervical spondylosis, fibromyalgia and chronic pain have been studied by many workers.

Yoga in Rehabilitation

Yoga practices have been tried in the rehabilitation of various socially disadvantaged groups like inmates of jails, drug abusers, alcoholics, congenitally blind, mentally retarded and children from community (remand) homes. In all these socially disadvantaged groups, either due to repressed anger or depression or anxiety, a heightened state of mental arousal could be a common underlying factor, that can interfere with their efficiency in any new learning for better living or for improved performance.

Yoga in Community Homes

Children in community homes although physically normal were socially and emotionally traumatized (Ahvenainen, et al 1990) Significantly higher level of sympathetic arousal as seen by heart rate, respiratory rate, skin resistance was seen in community home girls in Bangalore compared to regular school children (Telles, Naveen & coworkers 1997). In a comparative study, we (Narendran & Raghuraj, 1997; Raghuraj & Telles 1997) showed significant reduction in breath rate, skin resistance, performance on muscle power, dexterity skill and visual perception in the yoga group compared to the group practising games in 14 pairs of girls in the age group 12-16 years, from a community home.

Yoga for the Blind

Naveen et al (1996) on repeated recording of middle latency auditory evoked potentials (AEPMLR) demonstrated that the information processing in the auditory pathways was much better in the congenitally blind than normally sighted children showing better sensitivity in hearing enabling them to use echoes to perceive spatial position. Greater anxiety and higher heart rates were noted in the blind compared to matched normal children (Ollendick et al. 1985 & Wycherley 1970).

Yoga therapy Research Yoga for Mentally Retarded

Special education for the mentally retarded has now been well streamlined and these children are getting integrated into general education. Yoga has been tried out as an adjunct in education of children with mental retardation, learning disabilities and attention deficit hyper activity syndromes. Krishnamacharya yoga mandiram (1983) documented and reported subjective improvements and also described the practices of yoga adopted for these children. We (Uma et al 1989), in our matched control study on 90 retarded children practising IAYT for one hour daily for one academic year as an adjunct to the standard techniques of special education have shown significant improvement in IQ (Binet Kamat's test) and social adaptation (Vineland social maturity scale) in addition to improvement in locomotor skills (Siguine form board) in those with mild and moderate degree of retardation. Improved attention span after IAYT may be the mechanism that promotes learning.

Yoga for Psychosis and Chemical Abuse

There are several reports of the use of TM in the rehabilitation of drug abusers and alcoholics (Shafi, 1974; Brautigam, 1972; Benson et al. 1972). We observed the beneficial effect of IAYT in the rehabilitation of schizophrenics (Telles, 1997) in a long stay home.

Yoga for Promotion of Positive Health

Application of yoga for the first component (absence of disease) of the WHO definition of health has been highlighted. Let us now look at the other components namely promotion of positive health at the physical, mental, social and spiritual level.

Yoga for Positive Physical Health

Positive health at physical level includes normalcy of body mass index (Height weight ratio), flexibility of joints, supple but strong muscles, skill in motor performance, resistance in infections and tolerance to environmental variations.

Large number of studies were reported by the TM group demonstrating improved physical health measured by motor and perceptual ability, athletic performance and reaction time (Shaw & Kole, 1971), and also by better performance of perceptual motor tasks (Karene, 1971). Six months of yogic asanas was shown to increase hip and shoulder flexibility in the middle-aged men whereas physical exercises had no such effect (Ray et al. 1983).

Yoga therapy Research Yoga in Physical Education

Nayar et al. (1975) demonstrated improvement in cardiorespiratory functions in NBA cadets trained in yogic practice as compared to those undergoing physical training, The body flexibility and the muscular efficiency improved after six months of yogic training (Ray et al. 1986). The improvement in muscular efficiency was reflected as an increase in endurance time probably due to alternate recruitment of motor units. Telles et al (1993) studied 40 senior physical education school teachers who were doing diverse physical activities for 8.9 ± 5.8 years after 3 months of integrated yoga programme. There was a significant increase in PFR (6%),,FEV1 (16%), FVC (18%), breath holding time (40%) and a significant reduction in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, body weight and the number of errors made in the steadiness test reduced significantly. The galvanic skin resistance increased reflecting reduction in sympathetic tone.

Yoga and Immune System

Psychological stress is thought to undermine host resistance to infection through neuroendocrine mediator changes in immune competence. 236 preschool children in the age group of 3 to 5 years, were studied by Boyce et al (1995). They compared the effect of laboratory stress of performing developmentally challenging task with two measures of environmental stress at the child care center and assessed the cardiovascular reactivity, incidence of respiratory illnesses, CD4, CDS & CD19 cell counts, lymphocyte mitogenesis and antibody response to pneumococcal vaccine. They showed that the incidence of illness was related to an interaction of child care stress and mean arterial pressure reactivity (measure of psychobiologic reactivity to stress). They also observed an interaction between stressful life events and CD19 reactivity during stress of entering school.

Klemons (1972) in their controlled clinical study assessed the degree of gingival inflammation (GI) in 46 TM meditators compared with 26 non meditators. Improvement of GI was noted in 74% of the meditators Vs 15% in non meditators. Practice of IAYT by patients with open tuberculosis in a sanatorium through controlled studies showed faster recovery in their general health, X-ray changes and sputum positivity. Allergies, autoimmunity and cancer are other immune system disorders where the role of yoga has been experimented upon.

Yoga therapy Research Yoga for Positive Mental Health

A positive mental health would be achieved by sharpening of perception of information arriving to the brain through all our special senses, better analytical faculty (IQ), sharper memory and on the overall improvement in personality characteristics. Emotions being the major component of human behavior, mastery over the upsurges of emotion is considered as the sign of better health rather than just a sharpening of emotions. The capacity to replace instinctual violent emotions like anger or fear by soft emotions like love, sympathy, peace and contentment indicates higher levels of emotional health.

Yoga for Perception

Meditation has been described as a training in awareness, which when kept over long periods produces definite changes in perception, attention and cognition (Brown, 1977). Significant changes were reported in the visual perception of advanced meditators, who were able to distinguish subtle differences in color and shade. They were more perceptually sensitive to detect shorter light flashes and required a shorter interval to differentiate between successive flashes correctly (Brown et al. 1980,1984). It has also been shown that processing of sensory information at the thalamic level is facilitated during the practice of pranayama (Telles et al. 1992) and meditation (Telles & Desiraju, 1993). These two practices, along with IAYT were found to bring about an improvement in hand steadiness in college students following 10 days of practice (Telles et al. 1993). This improvement was believed to be due to improved eye-hand coordination, better attention, concentration and relaxation.

We (Telles et al 1995) tested the visual discrimination in two groups of 18 college students (age 17- 22 years) each, by their ability to detect intermittent light of fixed luminance at varying frequencies on a Critical Flicker Fusion apparatus. The initial values were 37.6±0.7 and 37.9±0.6 which changed to 42.6±1.6 [p < 0.01] and 36.4 ± 0.7 [p < 0.5] in Yoga and control groups respectively demonstrating sharper perceptual ability after yoga. In another study (Ramanavani 1997) in adults (25 to 39 years), we observed that the improvement in Critical Flicker Fusion in yoga group occurred after 20 days of yoga instead of 10 days unlike in children where the changes were demonstrable within 10 days. It has been shown that training in focusing the gaze on the stimulus reduces the optical illusion by 79% (Hochberg 1984). The degree of illusion was measured on Muller Lyer apparatus where the lines although of equal length, appear unequal due to the two different types of arrows drawn at both ends of the line (<—>), the close ended (<—>) or open ended (<—>). There was a 86% reduction (Tukey test, p<0.001) in degree of illusion in the group of 30 subjects after 30 days of integrated yoga practice where as the control group did not show significant change (Telles et al. 1997).

Yoga therapy Research Yoga for Learning and Intelligence

Shecter (1975) showed significantly greater improvement on measures of creativity (match problem test), Intellectual performance (Raven progressive matrices) and personality (Jackson personality inventory) with a reduction in their anxiety (Lickert scaled questionnaire) after practice of transcendental meditation (4 days ) and science of creative intelligence (14 weeks) Program in 60 high school students. Collier (1973) and Heaton et al (1974) demonstrated the improvement in performance and achievement in university students after transcendental meditation. In 1989 we (Uma et al) demonstrated the role of integrated approach of yoga in improving IQ in special children.

Yoga in Memory

Improved information processing at thalamo-cortical pathway, better attention, concentration and emotional stability forms the basis for better registration and retrieval. Abrams (1972) showed a direct relationship between transcendental meditation, quicker acquisition and higher recall performance in 14 subjects. Effect of breathing through a particular nostril on selective memory test for 'right' (spatial) and 'left' (verbal) brain functions (Telles et al 1997) were studied. 108 school children with an age range of 10 to 17 years were randomly arranged to 4 groups. Each group practiced a specific yoga breathing technique namely (a) right nostril breathing (SAV), (b) left nostril breathing (CAV), (c) alternate nostril breathing (NS), (d) breath awareness without manipulation of nostrils. Yoga training caused an increase in verbal and spatial memory scores within 10 days. For all groups there appeared to be more marked improvement in right brain functioning. A marginal difference was obtained between the scores of the SAV and the CAV groups, suggesting an ipsilateral beneficial effect.

Yoga for Emotional Stability

Modern day living style in laden with the ill effects of stress. Stress according to yoga is an uncontrolled surge of emotions like intense desire, anger, anxiety etc. When the stress is prolonged, the person loses his capacity to come out of the clutches of the loop of intensely heightened activity that shows up as imbalances in the function of the autonomic nervous system. This shows up as generalised complaints like anxiety, fatigue, addictions etc. or as localised problems (asthma). Role of yoga to reduce the force and speed of these violent surges of emotions has been validated by many workers through psychophysiological studies.

Yoga therapy Research In early 1970's, the epoch making study of Wallace (1970) showed that the practice of Transcendental Meditation brings about a unique "hypometabolic physiologic wakeful state" with overall signs of psychophysiological relaxation. A study from DIPAS (Delhi) showed that six months training in asanas (physical postures), pranayama (breathing practices), and meditation brought about definite physiological changes in normal volunteers, viz. an increase in orthostatic tolerance and an overall shift in the autonomic equilibrium towards parasympathodominance, as was shown.

during Transcendental Meditation (Selvamurthy et al. 1983). Further studies (Telles et al 1995) on OM meditation showed significant reduction in heart rate with an increase in cutaneous peripheral vascular resistance which is a sign of increased mental alertness even while physiologically relaxed. Telles et al (1994) published their interesting observation that breathing exclusively through right nostril (Surya anuloma viloma) showed a 37% increase in basal oxygen consumption, as compared 18% and 24% increase after alternate nostril (nadi suddhi) or left nostril (Chandra anuloma viloma) breathing. This suggested that breathing through right or left nostril breathing may have activating or relaxing effect on the sympathetic nervous system. This was supported (Telles 1997) by changes in systolic blood pressure and digit pulse volume suggesting the sympathetic stimulating effect of right nostril breathing.

Yoga for Social Health

Better adaptability when exposed to varying sociocultural situations is an important faculty which is generally measured through various personality tests. According to yoga the most important parameter of positive social health is "Tatsukha Sukhitwam" which means joy in the joy of others. Movement from selfishness to selflessness is considered as the measure of growth of social health. At the negative spectrum of the social health one could consider antisocial behaviors like crimes, accidents etc. that show up because of increasing degree of selfishness with total lack of social awareness and civic sense.

In 1976 Borland et al. published their interesting paper on "Maharshi effect" wherein they demonstrated a sudden downward shift in the trend of increasing crime rate when about 1% of the city population had begun the TM technique. A comparison of 11 US cities with population over 25, 000 with 0.97% or more of their population practising TM with 11 matched control cities showed that the mean change in crime rate from 1972-1973 among the control cities had increased by 8.3% as compared to a decrease of 8.2% in cities with 1% meditators, the difference being statistically significant.

Yoga for Spiritual Health

Texts on Yoga and Upanishads describe the criteria of spiritual health as self awareness of one's natural state of contentment. The joy or happiness is independent of any external agency. Such a person's activities are not motivated by the need for material gains of money, name or fame and they function in the society totally in tune with cosmic order charecterised by simplicity, truthfulness and confidence. This is a state of eternal bliss and contentment, undisturbed by the ups and downs of the life.

Yoga therapy Research The nearest measure of such a state described by the modern psychologists could be that of "self actualization". Many studies were conducted on transcendental meditators to show improved scores on self actualization values, spontaneity, self regard, self acceptance, synergy, acceptance of aggression, capacity for intimate contact in meditation as compared to non meditators (Hielle 1974, Davis et al. 1984 and Nidich et al. 1973). This was measured by Shostrom's personal orientation inventory of self actualization.

Triguna questionnaire which is based on Satva, Rajas, and Tamas type of personality described in Bhagavad Gita and other Indian texts may prove to be a good tool for measuring the spiritual growth of the individual. Studies on higher states of consciousness (Orme Johnson 1976), new theories in physics defining consciousness as the base of all being (Goswami 1993), research in ESP, telepathy, rebirth and Psychoneuroimmunology are all opening up newer avenues of understanding of the subtler aspect of positive health, which were not in the perview of science until recently.

What conditions are helped by Yoga Therapy?

- Chronic  Pain:  Back problems  (i.e. Disc problems, Spinal Stenosis, SI Joint Pain)
- Arthritis & Joint Pain: Neck, Shoulder, Hip, Knee  & Recovery from surgery / injury
- Chronic  Illness:  Diabetes, Fibromyalgia,  Multiple Sclerosis, Lupus,  Parkinson's,   
- Breathing Difficulties:  COPD, Asthma, Emphysema
- Stress related Issues: Depression, Anxiety, Panic Attacks
- Health & Aging Issues: Heart Disease, Osteoporosis, Insomnia, Weight management
What can I expect from a Yoga Therapy session?

Yoga Therapy focuses on client specific health issues. I meet with clients to discuss their wellness goals, review their health history and conduct an initial evaluation.  The client and I work together and develop a results based program that meets their needs. This personalized approach compliments conventional medicine and with adaptive yoga practices creates a more balanced approach to daily living.  

While each session is tailored to meet your needs, it will include breathing exercises, adaptive poses, relaxation techniques and/or meditation. Sessions are about an hour long and are conducted in the privacy of your home or offsite location.
How can I determine if Yoga Therapy is right for me?

Clients who have exhausted other avenues to healing have seen results through this integrative whole person approach.  Yoga Therapy is an investment in your future and the possibilities for regaining your health are endless.

Please call me for a free phone consultation to determine if yoga therapy can benefit you.
What Should I Wear? 

This yoga is more of a "work-in" than a "workout". You will not be breaking a sweat! In fact, as your body deeply relaxes, you may cool down. Luckily, we have lots of blankets. But you may want to bring an extra layer. Just wear moveable, comfortable clothes.

Do I need to be flexible in order to practice Yoga?

You will gain deep spinal flexibility and deeply healing benefits, with this yoga. The personalized angles, propping and attention meet your body exactly where it is and support it to release and expand from there. You will not be pushing, straining, doing headstands or trying to touch your toes in these classes or sessions. 


How do I know which yoga classes suits the age group I am in?


To find out which style of yoga will best complement your lifestyle and fitness level, it is best to try out the different types of classes before deciding. The benefits will vary from different types of Yoga and the types of postures that are executed.

Whether you are looking to lose weight, or also for relaxation and de-stressing - experiencing a class firsthand and meeting personally with the instructor will give you a clearer picture of which practice suits you best.
Do I need to lose weight before I can practice Yoga?
  Virtually everyone can practice yoga. Yoga will help one to feel more limber and energetic. The end result of practicing yoga includes overall muscle toning. In fact, some forms of yoga such as Vinyasa, Power Yoga or Hot Yoga can even help you to shed some kilos.
Can I still practice Yoga during my menstrual period?

  Practicing yoga is a great way to prevent and stop menstrual cramps. It relaxes and rejuvenates the mind to take the edge off any mood swings you may experience. Centering and breathing exercises as well as practicing grounding poses are recommended. It is advisable to avoid postures, which require inversions during your menstrual period as it will tax your overall system
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